With the increasingly diverse use of cassava products in Nigeria, cassava farming is getting more lucrative with every passing day. This farm product has always been a source of lively hood and food for millions of Nigerians. 90% of Nigerian households consume cassava products everyday. Some of the meals are: garri, wheat-flour, animal feed, commercial caramel, and a lot more.
As the population of Nigeria, and Africa as a whole continues to grow, the demand for cassava products will continue to skyrocket, leading to higher revenues generated by cassava farmers. This widespread consumption of cassava products will continue to place it as a cash crop that always gets bought after a harvest, and guarantees a good profit after sales.
Why then haven’t a lot of people ventured into cassava farming? The popular answer is the lack of capital. Capital hinders a lot of business activities from taking off. But with the economic recession been experienced in Nigeria, the Nigerian government through the country’s Bank Of Agriculture (BOA) has now made more agriculture loans available to millions of potential & active farmers. Taking advantage of the government’s agricultural loans and incentives at this time is a good way to start up your own cassava farm.
If you’re looking for an agricultural business that would ensure you always almost sell out all your harvests, cassava farming is one great farming business to start.

Here’s a business plan on how to start cassava farming and processing business in Nigeria:

1). Select A Good Site For Your Cassava Farm:

When getting a site to setup a cassava farm, pick an area with deep well drained loamy soil, adequate rainfall, and warm & moist climatic conditions. Cassava grows best in these areas. An easy way to identify lands with these conditions is to see if:
  • There’s a thick vegetation around it,
  • The soil texture is good,
  • The land is flat or gently sloping.
Picking the right location to setup your cassava farm is extremely important. Make sure the locals and food scientists can verify the richness of the soil before you proceed to make a purchase. Lands with much organic manure can favour the production a lot.

2). Improve The Soil For Planting The Cassavas:

This step is not important if you already selected a good site to grow your cassava crops. But if you didn’t, you’d need to spend a lot of money to improve the soil. Some practices commonly used to improve the soil for cultivation are:
  • Manure your soil,
  • Prepare good seedbeds,
  • Planting the cassava along with other crops, and more.
Your soil must be very fertile for cultivation else, you’d lose millions. Little mistakes as this should be totally avoided. But the best route still, is to choose a good site. This way, you don’t have to go through the pain of improving the soil for planting the cassava stem cuttings.

3). Select The Best Cassava Variety To Plant:

There are wide breeds of cassavas that you can grow. But the best breeds to cultivate are the types that’s widely accepted by your target market, gives great yields, grows fast, and are resistant to pests and diseases. The major factors involved in selecting the right cassava breed to grow are:
  • Varieties with good food quality
  • Varieties with good cooking abilities
  • Varieties that bulk early
  • Varieties with good ground storability
  • Varieties that are tolerant to pests, diseases, and weed.
Selecting the right breed to go with, will determine how successful your cassava farm will be. If you grow what people are not interested in, you’d go out of business faster than you imagined. Find out what the available buyers in the locality are interested in, then grow those types of cassava crops.

4). Select Healthy Cassava Stem Cuttings:

Cassava stem cuttings are used to grow cassava crops. Selecting healthy stems is crucial to growing rich cassava crops that your market would quickly purchase. You can buy cassava stem cuttings in town markets and villages. After your initial purchase of the cassava stem cuttings, the best place to keep getting healthy cassava stem cuttings are on your own farm. Planting healthy stem cuttings is important because they’d help you to greatly reduce the spread of cassava pests and diseases. When getting cassava stem cuttings, this is the best guide to follow:
  • Find healthy cassava plants.
  • Stay away from cassava plants that have or have had a history of pest and diseases.

5). Plant The Cassava Right:

When planting your cassava check the softness of the soil, if possible you can make mounds or ridges to loosen the soil and increase the sprouting speed, so that the roots can pierce the soil more easily to access nutrients.

6). Harvest:

Harvesting may begin from 6 to 12 months or maybe later, according to the specie of cassava you choose to cultivate, but late harvest may result to spoilt tubers which can cause great loss to the farmer.

7). Setup & Production Cost:

Just as any other startup business, a great execution of your cassava farming business can make you a millionaire. You need to understand the perfect costing needs to ensure you’re not going to generate a negative cash flow. Here is a sample costing for setting up a cassava farm in Nigeria:
  • Land Cost:                                                 NGN 75,000 (Depends on the location)
  • Land Preparation:                                   NGN 10,000 (Could Vary)
  • Cassava Stem Cuttings:                          NGN 5,000 (For 10 bundles. Bundle price could vary per location)
  • Fertilizer                                                    NGN 25,000 (The price could vary by quantity)
Note: Some other costs and unforeseen expenses are not listed, and the costs listed here are heavily subjected to change because of inflation and other uncontrollable market vices.

7). Marketing Your Cassava Products:

After growing and harvesting your crops, Marketing can be so weakening, so most people tend to process it to Garri or other products to increase profit. you’d need to ensure maximum returns by selling your harvests/products to the right buyer and at the right price.
Cassava farming remains a lucrative agricultural venture if executed right. Try not to cut corners when setting up a cassava farm, and you’d end up growing the right crops everyone desperately wants to buy. With this agric business, you can be guaranteed your farm products would sell out all the time. 

What other cassava farming start up steps, costing, and more helpful tips, do you have to share? please leave a comment below.

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  1. i cant quantify how helpful this post is. Thanks for sharing.


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Hi, I,m Pospi Otuson. A Nigerian Blogger, Social Entrepreneur and Convener of the renowned Boki Business Conference. CEO/Founder of Possibility Desk, the largest online consulting platform for possibilities in the world. Lets connect today.

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